How Diabetes is Managed
Your diabetes care team will work with you to make your diabetes
care plan. Your plan will try to match your likes and dislikes and
your blood sugar goals.
A typical diabetes care plan includes:
physical activity plan
- A plan for how and when to
check your blood sugar
- Your personal blood sugar goals
- When to
- Other health goals (such as managing your
weight and blood pressure)
- A schedule for regular health checkups
As part of your care plan, be sure to keep track of your ABCs:
- Blood pressure
Indications and Usage for Insulin
- Insulin is used to control high blood sugar in adults and
children with diabetes mellitus.
Important Safety Information for Insulin
Who should not use insulin?
What should I tell my health care provider before
- About all of your medical conditions, including
liver, kidney, or heart problems.
- If you are pregnant,
breastfeeding, or plan to do either.
- About all prescription and
nonprescription medicines you take, including supplements, as your
dose may need to change.
How should I take Insulin?
- Eat a meal
within 5 to 10 minutes after using a fast-acting insulin,
to avoid low blood sugar. Do not inject Insulin if you do not plan
to eat right after your injection or insulin pump infusion.
- Do not mix
different types of insulin when used in a pump or with any
insulin other than NPH when used with injections by syringe.
- Do not
change your dose or type of insulin unless you are told to by your
health care provider.
- Do not share needles, insulin pens, or
- Check your blood sugar levels as directed by your health
What should I consider while using Insulin?
including beer and wine, may affect your blood sugar.
- Be careful
when driving a car or operating machinery. You may have difficulty
concentrating or reacting if you have low blood sugar. Talk to your
health care provider if you often have low blood sugar or no warning
signs of low blood sugar.
What are the possible side effects of
- Low blood sugar, including when too much is taken. Some
symptoms include sweating, shakiness, confusion, and headache.
Severe low blood sugar can cause unconsciousness, seizures, and
- Serious allergic reactions may occur. Get medical help right
away, if you develop a rash over your whole body, have trouble
breathing, a fast heartbeat, or sweating.
- Other side effects include
injection site reactions (like redness, swelling, and itching), skin
thickening or pits at the injection site, swelling of your hands and
feet, if taken with thiazolidinediones (TZDs) possible heart
failure, vision changes, low potassium in your blood, and weight
Insulin is a prescription
Talk to your healthcare provider or diabetic educator about the importance of diet and
exercise in your treatment plan.